RSM Profile: Levi Miller

A Confederate officer and his body servant

Let’s deal with this right up front: yes, this post is about an African-American man, a slave, who fought on behalf of the Confederacy. No, this is not one of those websites that trumps out every so-called “black Confederate” we can find to try to make some half-baked point about the fair treatment of black men in the CSA Army. That’s cheap politics, and that’s not how we play at RSM.

A quick Google search of “black Confederates” will return numerous sites claiming not only that thousands of black men took up arms for the Confederate cause, but were treated better than their Northern counterparts to boot. The truth is, most of the slaves who were with the Confederates were not enlisted soldiers, but cooks, body servants – you know, slaves.

One black man who did, by most accounts, serve as a soldier for the South was Levi Miller of Virginia. According to University of Virginia historian Ervin L. Jordan, Miller accompanied his master, Capt. John J. McBride, to serve in the 5th Texas Infantry. (Those websites claiming thousands of black Confederate soldiers love to quote Jordan. Even more, they love to post a picture of Jordan, a black man, thinking it bolsters their spurious research.)

Back to Miller. After nursing McBride back to health following a near-fatal injury, Miller was named a “full-fledged soldier” by the Texans. He fought alongside free white men for the remainder of the war, reportedly refusing relatives and friends who encouraged him to escape during the Gettysburg campaign. No clear explanation is given as to why he would do such a thing.

Not all historians are quick to embrace the Miller story, however. This Civil War history blog takes a more skeptical approach to the accounts of Miller and is endeavoring to validate the tales.

Miller’s obituary, attributed by Jordan to the Winchester Evening Star, reads like this:

“Levi Miller, one of the few colored men regularly enlisted in the Confederate army…was affectionately known among the white as well as the colored people of this section as the grand old man of his race. He always had a deep love for everything southern, and although born a slave, it was his loyalty to his state that led him to enter the southern army and fight through the four entire years of the war.”

It is difficult for me to comprehend such devotion that would compel an enslaved man to fight on behalf of his enslavers. Regardless of his motivations, Levi Miller is proof positive that history is far more complex than either the victors or the vanquished would have us believe.

6 Responses to “RSM Profile: Levi Miller”

  1. Years ago I had a book called Black Soldiers in Gray. I was entrigued by it. Like that book, Your article It is so interesting to me. It did strike me as odd, but not surprisingly, that an explanatory apology must precede any discussion on civil war race issues when a southern man writes about it.

    • Unfortunately, there are many out there who really believe (or are trying to convince the rest of the world) that life wasn’t that bad for slaves in the Old South. Stories like Miller’s are often used to that end. It was very important that we made clear from the outset that this isn’t that kind of site. Of course, we could’ve just avoided the story or postponed it until after our launch day, but we’re not that kind of site either. We’re going to deal with these things honestly and boldly. Thanks for taking time to comment!

  2. The story posted about Levi Miller is sort of right, but more wrong, according to the research I’ve found. Levi Miller was indeed a 20 year old mulatto slave who served as the body-servant to Captain John J McBride, Co C, 5th Texas Infantry. Miller did fight once along side the men of Company C at Spotsylvania after Captain McBride was wounded. Miller was caught in the trench with the white soldiers after he delivered a meal to them. The incoming fire was too much for him to return to the rear so he stayed, and when the Union infantry attacked, he asked for a spare musket and fought, including using the bayonet. For that one day he applied for and was granted a Confederate soldier’s pension as an old man.


  1. What’s this?! More “Realist Southrons?!” « Cenantua's Blog - April 9, 2011

    […] the “approve” button, I had to check out the blog that pinged me. The ping was to a post about Levi Miller. I know, I know… “Great googly moogly, not more talk about ‘black […]

  2. Should African-Americans Attend Civil War Events? | Real Southern Men - June 23, 2011

    […] Though a controversial topic – one with much twisting of historical fact – it’s even more curious that some black men fought for the South. […]

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